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Job Templates

Overview

This documentation introduces templating support for bacalhau job run, providing users with the ability to dynamically inject variables into their job specifications. This feature is particularly useful when running multiple jobs with varying parameters such as DuckDB query, S3 buckets, prefixes, and time ranges without the need to edit each job specification file manually.

Motivation

The motivation behind this feature arises from the need to streamline the process of preparing and running multiple jobs with different configurations. Rather than manually editing job specs for each run, users can leverage placeholders and pass actual values at runtime.

Templating Implementation

The templating functionality in Bacalhau is built upon the Go text/template package. This powerful library offers a wide range of features for manipulating and formatting text based on template definitions and input variables.

For more detailed information about the Go text/template library and its syntax, please refer to the official documentation: Go text/template Package.

Usage Examples

Sample Job Spec (job.yaml)

Name: docker job
Type: batch
Count: 1
Tasks:
- Name: main
Engine:
Type: docker
Params:
Image: ubuntu:latest
Entrypoint:
- /bin/bash
Parameters:
- -c
- echo {{.greeting}} {{.name}}

Running with Templating:

bacalhau job run job.yaml --template-vars "greeting=Hello,name=World"

Defining Flag Multiple Times:

bacalhau job run job.yaml --template-vars "greeting=Hello" --template-vars "name=World"

Disabling Templating:

bacalhau job run job.yaml --no-template

Using Environment Variables:

You can also use environment variables for templating:

export greeting=Hello
export name=World
bacalhau job run job.yaml --template-envs "*"

Passing A Subset of Environment Variables:

bacalhau job run job.yaml --template-envs "greeting|name"

Dry Run to Preview Templated Spec:

To preview the final templated job spec without actually submitting the job, you can use the --dry-run flag:

bacalhau job run job.yaml --template-vars "greeting=Hello,name=World" --dry-run

This will output the processed job specification, showing you how the placeholders have been replaced with the provided values.

More Examples

Query Live Logs

Name: Live logs processing
Type: ops
Tasks:
- Name: main
Engine:
Type: docker
Params:
Image: expanso/nginx-access-log-processor:1.0.0
Parameters:
- --query
- {{.query}}
- --start-time
- {{or (index . "start-time") ""}}
- --end-time
- {{or (index . "end-time") ""}}
InputSources:
- Target: /logs
Source:
Type: localDirectory
Params:
SourcePath: /data/log-orchestration/logs

This is an ops job that runs on all nodes that match the job selection criteria. It accepts duckdb query variable, and two optional start-time and end-time variables to define the time range for the query.

To run this job, you can use the following command:

bacalhau job run job.yaml \
-V "query=SELECT status FROM logs WHERE status LIKE '5__'" \
-V "start-time=-5m"

Query S3 Logs

Name: S3 logs processing
Type: batch
Count: 1
Tasks:
- Name: main
Engine:
Type: docker
Params:
Image: expanso/nginx-access-log-processor:1.0.0
Parameters:
- --query
- {{.query}}
InputSources:
- Target: /logs
Source:
Type: s3
Params:
Bucket: {{.AccessLogBucket}}
Key: {{.AccessLogPrefix}}
Filter: {{or (index . "AccessLogPattern") ".*"}}
Region: {{.AWSRegion}}

This is a batch job that runs on a single node. It accepts duckdb query variable, and four other variables to define the S3 bucket, prefix, pattern for the logs and the AWS region.

To run this job, you can use the following command:

bacalhau job run job.yaml  \
-V "AccessLogBucket=my-bucket" \
-V "AWSRegion=us-east-1" \
-V "AccessLogPrefix=2023-11-19-*" \
-V "AccessLogPattern=^[10-12].*"